Cannabis concentrates – also referred to as extracts – are the result of extracting trichomes from the plant to create a product that is more potent and often-times more effective than flower. Trichomes are the sticky, crystalline glands coating your cannabis, and are where cannabinoids like THC, CBD, and CBN are produced, along with terpenes. To illustrate the difference in potency levels, cannabis flower can test up to 30% cannabinoids (typically, THC), while some of the strongest concentrates hit upwards of 85 to even 90%! This means you need far less product to reach altered and therapeutic states, and offer a more discrete way of medicating, too!
Concentrates can be extracted through both a solvent and solventless processes, resulting in different products. Since there are a handful of different extraction methods, this means the market has been flooded with different types of concentrates, and sometimes, it can get confusing!
We’ll break down some of the most common concentrates. Keep in mind this is not an exhaustive list – there’s always new products coming to market.
BHO, or Butane Hash Oil, is an extraction process that uses butane to draw out cannabinoids. The end result is very potent and allows for a greater terpene profile, and as such, a more flavorful and delicious dab! BHO can come in different consistencies, such as shatter, crumble, wax, budder, and more. It’s best to get lab-tested BHO, making sure that your product is pure and properly purged of butane. We just got some delicious, Goddess Delivers-made Chemdawg shatter in stock, so be sure to check it out!
Rosin extraction is one of the safest, cleanest forms of cannabis concentrates. Making it is as simple as placing nugs in between parchment paper and using a press to add pressure and heat to your starting material. This process squeezes out gooey, potent oils from the nugs and can be used for consumption right away. Rosin has become quite popular due to its potency, lack of solvents, and terpene profiles. One of our favorites is Goldline Extracts Artisinal Rosin, which we have in many different strains!
You’ll typically find CO2 oil in vape pens, cartridges, salves, and edibles. This extraction process is an intricate one that uses carbon dioxide (CO2) supercritical fluid extraction technology, and has been around for many years in the essential oil industry. The result is a very pure product that, during the process, removes any residual solvents or potentially dangerous plant matter, such as mold and fungus. This concentrate is solvent-free, as opposed to solventless, in that the process starts with a solvent but the end result is free of CO2. The downside of CO2 oil is less of a flavor profile, as terpenes are very volatile and don’t stay in tact as easily during the process. However, many companies re-introduce terpenes later. If you’re looking for some high quality CO2 oil, look no further than Chronic Essentials Hash Oil, which is high CBD!
If you’ve owned a grinder, you know what kief is! This cannabis dust is the result of the trichomes falling off your flower, either from grinding it up or dry-sifting. Dry-sifting is the delicate act of using silk-screens to isolate the trichomes and remove them from the plant material. It’s one of the official methods used for collecting kief, but produces low-yields. However, kief is an excellent choice for those looking for a solventless extract with terpenes still in tact. It’s also very easy to medicate with – you can add it to the top of a bowl, add it to a joint, or use it to make hash. We especially love Sierra Soul Kief and Ojai Valley Organics!
Hash has long been a staple in the cannabis industry. This extract is made by collecting kief and using a hash press to compress it into a brick. Hash can be made from dry-sifted material or dry ice extraction.
Dry ice extracts produce similar results to dry-sifting but make use of – you guessed it – dry ice. The ice freezes the trichomes and makes them fragile, which eventually helps them to break away from the stalk. Then, the plant material and trichomes are separated from one another through the use of bubble bags, and then pressed.
Hash typically is lower potency when compared to BHO, but allows for the consumer to medicate without worrying about any potential residuals from the solvent.
We just got a customer-favorite back in stock – Nectar Drops! Be sure to check them out.
So now it’s your turn to tell us, what’s your favorite way to medicate? Do you prefer concentrates, flower, or maybe something else? We love hearing from you!